One of the issues, of course, is that with the fall of the Tang, there was significant economic disruption on the Chinese end of things, so there was less trade in … The Silk Road was originally opened up by Zhang Qian and it gradually formed in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Silk Road network is generally thought of as stretching from an eastern terminus at the old Chinese capital city of Chang'an (now Xi'an, just west of the great bend where the Yellow River emerges into the North China Plain) to westward termini at Byzantium (Constantinople), Antioch, Damascus, and other Middle Eastern cities. In April 2015, the Syrian government stated itwould return Highly Enriched Uranium from its Dar al-Hajar Nuclear Research Center outside of Damascus back to China. Caravans traveling on the Silk Road traded in silk, perfumes, and spices in the Far East. Silk was first developed in early China, possibly as early as 6,000 BC and definitely by 3,000 BC. Silk is a fibrous substance produced by many insects, but the fibres used for manufacturing purposes are exclusively produced by the mulberry silk-moth of China. Damascus and Aleppo were two cities situated at the center of the Silk Road, a key intercontinental trade route that linked the Roman Empire to China. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. So, one can call the Silk Road the grandiose trade route which connected the East and the West and became the reason of appearance of many unique cities, historical monuments, customs and even the entire states. The Silk Road died, the Suez Canal was dug, the northern territories were taken by Turkey as were the ports of the Levant. Though we referred to the region that connected the trade network as the Silk Road, it would be more accurate to use the plural, the Silk Roads, as it was a complex web of roads that interconnected Xi’an in west China to Baghdad, Damascus, Jerusalem, Athens, Alexandria, and Constantinople. What did Chang'an trade on the Silk Road? A city that has long been important to different empires, this city housed various traders going acroos the Eurasian landmass. What did Damascus trade on the Silk Road? Become a Study.com member to unlock this They traded almonds, dye, dried fruit, swords, cloth, and glass. It even reached out as far as Venice. The city of Aleppo, for example, lay at the crossroads of two trade routes, one from India and the other from Damascus. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. …shortly become famous as the Silk Road, linked the oases of Kashgar, Yarkand, Khotan, Miran, Kucha, Karashahr, and Turfan, in all of which Indian merchants established trading stations. Additional Essays by Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. Accompanying them on a dish were also dried fruits, such as dates, that became staple snacks for the upper class. What did the Romans trade on the Silk Road? Alexandria has played a pivotal role in Mediterranean trade ever since the city was founded in c.332 BC by Alexander (known as both ‘the Macedonian’ and ‘the Great’.) Within the city's domains, there was a variety of agrarian-based goods being developed and traded. Damascus is the capital city of Syria. What cities did the Silk Road go through? What did India produce to trade along the Silk... What did Europe trade with China on the Silk... What did Central Asia trade on the Silk Road? The Abbasid Dynasty was the third of the Islamic caliphates and was founded in Harran in 750 by the descendants of Prophet Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib. It was a whole bunch of people who sort of got me on the road looking at these things. Excavations in 1950 demonstrated that an urban centre existed in the 4th millennium bce at Tall al-Ṣālḥiyyah, southeast of Damascus. Popular trade items included pistachios, dates and figs, spices, wines, woven … The Silk Road primarily refers to the land routes connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with South Asia, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa and Southern Europe. Temerity is the name of the game. The Silk Road started in the Chinese city of Chang'an and then split in many directions, so it reached its end in a number of different places, including Damascus, Tyre, Alexandria and the Ganges delta. A city that has long been important to different empires, this city housed various traders going acroos the Eurasian landmass. The Silk Road began in the 2nd century B.C., under the rule of China's Han Dynasty, whose rulers realized that bandits in the West were attacking caravans and damaging foreign trade opportunities. Chinese silks passed through Damascus on their way to western markets. Who did the Chinese trade with on the Silk Road? It lies at a crucial crossroads of two trade routes: a north-south route from Constantinople to Egypt, and an east-south route connecting Lebanon with the rest of the Silk Road. The city is a labyrinth of narrow alleyways and old houses decked with green courtyards. Create your account. Almonds, native to the region, became increasingly popular across the trade routes. Chinese merchants traded with people from the countries they passed by on the Silk Road, such as Kazakhstan, Iran, Damascus and Turkey. . What did Venice trade during the Silk Road? Natural silk is produced from silkworm cocoons in a process known as sericulture. Its crucial importance in this respect is illustrated by the introduction of the word “damask” into the English language as a synonym for silk. Aleppo and Palmyra were located on the western route of the Silk Road: a sort of successor to the Royal Road, at least in part. More about routes of The Silk Road. Traders used to rest in this city before transporting their goods through the Mediterranean Sea. Will the New Silk Roads, a.k.a. What were the characteristics of the Silk Road? All rights reserved. ... Iran, Mesopotamia, Bagdad, went to Damascus and reached the Mediterranean. China’s China North Industries Group Corp (Norinco) alsoallegedly sold chlorine gas that was used in attacks against civilians. Question: What did Turkey trade on the Silk Road? Conventionally, historians refer to three periods of intense Silk Road trade: 1) from 206 B.C.E. What did Damascus trade on the Silk Road? Whitfield, Susan, with Ursula Sims-Williams, eds. Damascus has a rich history dating back 11,000 years and has been continuously inhabited for over four millennia. Although a fairly recent term, the “Silk Road” describes one of the world’s most ancient overland trade networks, which spurred the exchange of commodities, ideology, and technology between societies of ancient China and those of the eastern Mediterranean, starting at least 4000 years ago. Throughout history, it has changed hands between various empires including the Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, and Ottomans. The imperial household was transferred there, and followed … What cultural ideas spread along the Silk Road? A storehouse discovered here, which again is at the crossroads of China, India, Persia, and the Mediterranean, … Wealth and labour were used to build bridges, roads and caravanserais to encourage and facilitate trade. Damascus - The Silk Road. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. 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