The Swedish attack on Russia caused Denmark-Norway to declare war on Sweden in August, in accordance with its treaty obligations to Russia. Already on 9 August, a group of officers had pleaded for peace with Russia, and on 12 August had signed what became known as the Anjala declaration, with the whole matter being later known as the Anjala conspiracy. Sweden cedes the towns of Lappeenranta and Hamina and a strip of Finland to the northwest of Saint Petersburg to Russia. The raging epidemic then confined the Swedish fleet to Karlskrona for most of the year. Once again, however, the Swedish offensive was bogged down. His government was also rapidly suffering from ever-increasing debt caused by the war expenses. Failing to inflict a decisive defeat on the Russians, or to prevent separate Russian squadrons from joining together, the open sea fleet sailed to the Bay of Viborg. [18], The Russian blockade caused considerable trouble to the Swedes. On 21 June the fleet met a Russian squadron off Saaremaa island and after chasing the Russians down tried to provoke a conflict by demanding Russians render honors to the Swedes from which Russians had been exempted in the previous peace treaties. 29 February 2020. This caused severe supply troubles for the Swedish fleets and armies, which were mostly east of the cape. 1341x2552 / 1,07 Mb Go to Map. However, attempts to capture the town and its fortifications failed. King Gustav III's position, surrounded by rebellious officers, was greatly improved when news of a threat of war from Denmark–Norway became known and he could head back to Sweden on 25 August without being accused of deserting his troops.[12]. This map shows the distance from Stockholm, Sweden to Moscow, Russia. The Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790 was, overall, mostly insignificant for the parties involved. The Russian fleet had already in early August, soon after the Battle of Hogland, moved to blockade the Swedish open sea fleet in Sveaborg, as the Swedes were unable to get their fleet ready for battle. [21], The coastal fleet started its offensive on 8 May, under command of King Gustav III with de Frese as his flag-captain, without waiting for the coastal fleet's squadrons from Sweden or Pommern. The Swedes feared that, were their next-door neighbor to fall and be occupied, their country would be next. Between 1523 and Sweden's final war with Russia in 1809, a state of war had existed between these two countries for 67 out of those 292 years. This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 19:58. [7], The Swedish open sea fleet sailed from Karlskrona on 9 June 1788, with Duke Charles of Södermanland as its commander. [14] The bulk of the Swedish army in Finland, consisting of 13,000 men under General Johan August Meijerfeldt (the younger), was placed at the Kymmene river, with a further 5,000 men in Savolax. Vintage Military Maps from WW2 and earlier for sale at International Military Antiques. 730x1351 / 150 Kb Go to Map. Online Map of Sweden. It was at their instigation that Gustav concluded an alliance with the Ottoman Empire in the summer of 1788. Fighting at sea near Porkala cape continued until September. Despite establishing himself as an autocrat in a bloodless coup d'état that ended parliamentary rule in 1772, his political powers did not give him the right to start a war. Sweden physical map. The Swedes initially planned a naval assault on Saint Petersburg. [10], The coastal fleet's Stockholm's squadron departed for Finland on 25 June, carrying over 9,000 troops. Sweden Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. However, Russian support for his opposition did not go unnoticed by Gustav III, and was one of the reasons why he thought of the war as inevitable. 1904 Russian map of the Russo-Japanese War.jpg 23,445 × 16,694; 62.36 MB. During the last decade, Russian military exercises have been intensifying year by year. [15], The Swedish coastal fleet had been unable to sail for Sweden for the winter and had to be fitted out in Finland. Under their pressure, Denmark-Norway declared itself neutral in the conflict, bringing the Lingonberry War to an end. Russian version. Sweden cancels Russia diplomatic boycott for last-16 World ... Sweden Faces the Russian Threat in the Baltic Sea | Warsaw ... Sweden's 'Singing Sailor' has message for Russian subs . The Russian fleet left the area suddenly on 23 October, possibly due to the news that the Swedish open sea fleet had set sail, which it had done on 13 October, only to return to Karlskrona on 22 October. These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map … Atlas of World War II (Richard Natkiel. Large detailed map of Sweden with cities and towns. As some ships of the fleet were still separated from the main body, Duke Charles refused to carry out the attack on 12 May, when favourable winds still existed, and instead chose to attack on 13 May, leading to the Swedish failure at the battle of Reval. Russia was thereby forced to agree to the Treaty of Stolbovo in 1617, by the terms of which Sweden acquired the provinces of Ingria and Kexholm. During the Great Northern War (1700-1721) huge parts of Finland were occupied by Russian troops. Including an attempt to put a Swedish duke on the Russian throne. The Russian attack against Barösund started on 18 September. 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